The gastritis diet involves a gentle diet designed to reduce inflammation of the gastric mucosa. Depending on the acidity of the gastric juice and the stage of the disease, different types of diet are prescribed.
There are general principles of a gastritis diet:
A diet is recommended for chronic gastritis with increased secretion, first of all, to normalize the acidity of gastric juice and reduce the clinical manifestations of the disease - abdominal pain, heartburn, headaches.
The diet is dominated by dishes of boiled vegetables, milk and dairy products, boiled or steamed dishes of meat and fish. Kissels (milk or fruit), oat and rice porridge, whole milk, grated soups have excellent shell properties
The high acidity gastritis diet is prescribed to skip the following foods:
These gastritis diet options are prescribed during the period of clinical remission. The diet for exacerbation of gastritis with high acidity differs in that all dishes are consumed in pure form. Only small pieces of cooked meat or fish twice a week are allowed.
The main task of the diet for gastritis with reduced secretion is to promote the secretion of gastric juice for complete assimilation of food. Dishes should be steamed or boiled, less often cooked.
A diet for gastritis with low acidity prohibits the use of foods that cause increased fermentation in the stomach:
In chronic gastritis with reduced secretion during acute exacerbation, you should eat puree in small portions. The diet for atrophic gastritis includes mucous soups of cereals, butter, grated cottage cheese, boiled meat, low-fat fish, vegetable and fruit purees, viscous cereals with milk, soft-boiled eggs, white boiled eggs, white hard-boiled eggs.
A diet for acute gastritis with reduced secretion is used for 3-4 weeks and then replaced by a wider diet. The diet for relapsed gastritis consists of various cereals, meat and steamed fish, cereal soups in meat broth. Pieces of fish, meatballs, cutlets fried without bread are allowed.
Observing a diet for atrophic gastritis, you should eat dairy products (especially kefir), cheeses, various dishes of cottage cheese (puddings, soufflés, pots), berry and fruit jellies, mousse.
An example diet menu for gastritis with low secretion for one day:
The diet with exacerbation of gastritis is supplemented by the appointment of fruit and vegetable juices, vitamin complexes.
In the diet for corrosive gastritis, slimy-textured soups come first. They have excellent shell properties, which need completely eroded stomach walls. In the diet menu for corrosive gastritis, there should be rice porridge, buckwheat, oatmeal with milk or cream (preferably), with the addition of butter. Steamed meat dishes (ribs, meatballs), soft boiled eggs, homemade non-acidic cottage cheese, jellies and compotes are mandatory in the diet.
It is necessary to add liquid mashed potatoes and raw potato juice (once a day) to the diet menu for acute corrosive gastritis. This vegetable has an excellent wound healing effect and also perfectly relieves pain.
The list of prohibited foods in the diet for corrosive gastritis includes: any canned foods, fatty and fried foods, pastry doughs, fresh fruits with sour taste and juices from them. In the diet for acute corrosive gastritis, there should be no tea (black and green), coffee, juices from any fruit.